Work as replacement for religion (compare: consumerism, ??? as replacement for religion in denial-of-death)
If, in the final analysis, the work of the prison has an economic effect, it is by producing individuals mechanized according to the general norms of an industrial society: 'Work is the providence of the modern peoples; it replaces morality, fills the gap left by beliefs and is regarded as the principle of all good. Work must be the religion of the prisons. For a machine-society, purely mechanical means of reform are required' (Faucher, 64; in England the 'treadmill' and the pump provided a disciplinary mechanization of the inmates, with no end product).
— surveil-and-punishp. 242
"Puritan work ethic"? Investigate. (Possibly look again in bullshit-jobs)
denial-of-death Becker, Ernest. The Denial of Death. ↩︎ 1
bullshit-jobs Graeber, David. 2018. Bullshit Jobs: A Theory. Penguin UK. ↩︎ 1
surveil-and-punish Foucault, Michel. 2012. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. ↩︎ 1