Zhuangzi (part of the Taoist canon): man working the fields is offered a machine to help him do his job, turns it down saying the machine's more trouble than it's worth. cf 子贡南游.
Luddites: English textile workers destroying weaving machines that were taking their jobs away.
Saboteurs: French textile (?) workers destroying machines (apocryphally, using sabots, or wooden clogs, but really, while wearing sabots. Sabots are wooden clogs worn in France)