Small Is Beautiful: A Study of Economics as If People Mattered

Schumacher, Ernst Friedrich

Chapter 15 (A Machine to Foretell the Future?) in particular, deals with so many of the same issues I've found myself ranting about in data science, quantitative methods, and modelling. (e.g. this older zettel, especially when the book deals with Predictability)

On the whole, a hit-and-miss book for me: there's timeless wisdom in tracts, and then abstruse theorising in others (although I'm not sure how the latter is to be avoided when dealing with the modern day formulation of economics). My advice if you were to read it would be go deep where it resonates with you, and skim the other bits. (Not that my advice is different for other books, but it seems particularly worth bringing up here.)